Every year, millions of people face skin diseases of different nature. Can be infectious and contagious. Most often (completely healthy, at first glance, people) diagnosed psoriasis. This occurs in different parts of the body, may be of varying intensity. Disorder in the patients and in the environment, because people are afraid of the infection. Look at what psoriasis is, the causes, symptoms, treatment methods.
What is psoriasis
Psoriasis is a skin disease of a chronic nature, it cannot be transmitted to the person. Previously, this diagnosis was considered to be a nutritional inflammation of the skin, but today the so-called arthritis of disease, due to the fact that a systematic nature, which, as a result of malfunction in the endocrine, immune, and nervous system.
The mechanism of development of psoriasis the body
I didn't realize that the nidus is not possible, because this is the part of the body appears burning, itching sensation, redness, and peeling of the skin. All men faced with the diagnosis begin to feel discomfort when dealing with people, as the disease disfigures the affected area of the body.
The mechanism of the development of the skin cells die after 4-5 days, but it did not disappear, and formed the papules and flaked off, causing inflammation. The disease is not transmitted by touch, so an epidemic doesn't happen. In the event the psoriasis is associated with hyperactivity of the immune system T-lymphocytes.
Usually the disease appears in genetically predisposed people:
- If one of the parents is the tendency of the disease, the probability of occurrence of the diagnosis, the child – 25%.
- If you have 2 parents – 65%.
Psoriasis can occur at any age, even if in childhood there was no sign of his presence. The trigger may be antibiotic treatment, alcohol, stress, skin trauma, vitamin deficiency.
Causes, symptoms, treatment of psoriasis
Although the disease – psoriasis affects people for centuries, the source is still not installed. The disease can affect anyone, even those without the predisposition to the development of the pathology.
The doctors put forward a theory concerning causes of psoriasis:
- Immune system.
- Metabolic diseases caused by.
Some of these causes can trigger pathological focus, localized in the specific area of the body: the head, the arms (particularly elbows), legs, psoriasis appears below the chest.
Why a person psoriasis: virus theory
The scientists search for the causes of psoriasis found changes in the peripheral lymph nodes, a viral form of the disease.
The doctors believe that retroviruses transfer genetic means that they are the causes of psoriasis, but must be demonstrated:
- Select the virus that identify it.
- To identify habitat.
- Carefully examine that is beyond the power of modern medical science.
Retroviruses have the ability to change your genetic structure through DNA-synthesis, and the formation of the "falsul progressio". This is the factor that has been studied by the doctors, but the blood transfusion the psoriasis to a healthy, never mentioned the disease the second that puts this theory in doubt.
Immune system disorders
Immune system sphere of the many structures in the body, but it can be observed that the appearance sinusitis, tonsillitis, etc. autoimmune diseases, pathological lesions aggravated.
During the first stage of psoriasis, the doctors believe that the primary source of the autoimmune aggression.
A number of diagnostic procedures for examining patients for the occurrence, but micro-abscesses of Munro, published the result of disorders:
Inflammation of the skin caused by psoriasis increases the sensitivity of the skin, especially in areas struck by chemical or physical means. Then, there is the increasing size of a skin rash, irritation. During the studies, the experts found, antibody-antigen components are the antigens that are not present in people without the predisposition to pathology.
It is believed that the causes of psoriasis are directly linked to the infection. The aggravation of the pathology often fix the people trapped in the hospital, despite the fact that the pathogenic fungi and the micro-organisms detected. According to scientists, psoriasis on the background of the infection appears as a result of the arrival of impulses in the autonomic, the endocrine system, which changes the structures of the body under the immune system disorders.
Also, there is allerg-o-infectious theory, characteristics of an allergic reaction to viruses, micro-organisms, and the toxic secretion, but officially, this theory is not yet proven.
The genetic theory
This theory suggests that psoriasis is passed from the parents to the children, the close and distant relatives.
This is because the majority of the people, who asked me to the skin -the vein clinic of psoriasis, this disease is already close 3-5 generations, only that the disease is a genetic disorder, that's impossible, because it occurs against a background of complex diseases:
- Changes in enzymes of lipid, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism.
- Immune, endocrine, autonomic disorders.
- Viral infectious diseases.
The metabolic disorders
Disorders of the metabolism, the source of many diseases.
In the psoriasis studies
- High cholesterol
- The temperature below normal.
In this case, the experts klassificeret psoriasis as cholesteric diathesis, because of inadequate lipid metabolism, because the skin keratinization.
Furthermore, the clinical picture, the patient may have the following characteristics:
- Diseases of vitamin a metabolism group of B6/12 C. the amount of vitamin C in the body more than.
- Lack of or excessive zinc, copper, iron.
These factors reduce the adaptive capacity of a person, as well as contribute to the onset of diabetes, which is often accompanied by the psoriasis.
If other not in the disease of psoriasis (additional reasons):
- The stress.
- The vaccination.
- The women's hormonal disorders.
- Burns, injuries, bug bites.
- Drugs, alcohol.
- The hypothermia.
- The abuse of certain products.
- Food poisoning.
Psoriasis can appear in any person, regardless of age, gender, but the first seems the more the patient's body damage or change the quality of your life.
The first signs of psoriasis
Initially, the disease manifested to a small, scaly prone to papules, localized to the area previously affected area of the skin. In the initial stages of the psoriasis can be gradual or sudden character development. Further, that appears on the skin is pinkish nodules strongly itch, burn starts to cover the rash or scaly bark. The patient we strive to be the comb of the pathological lesions, as relief, but further traumatize the skin. Combing the psoriasis is a risk that the disease will spread to nearby tissues, so that when the first symptoms, then consult your doctor immediately.
The first signs of psoriasis is a rash these body parts:
- Inguinal folds.
- Lower back.
- The stomach (under the breast).
- The nails/fingers.
- Arms, legs (knees, elbow, palms, soles).
To facilitate the diagnosis of psoriasis, experts are divided of the disease, several forms of your own symptoms, as well as specific localization. For example:
- The psoriasis symptoms of plaque forms of depilatus red papules to clear boundaries. These are usually located on the head, waist, elbow, knee.
- If you teardrop psoriasis, the symptoms are completely different. The affected area there are many small spots or blisters when pressed, allocated a transparent liquid. Usually occur in the back side of the palms, feet.
This is a mild form of psoriasis. The development does not cause fever, joint pains, chills. However, you need to treat any form of disease, because if you don't resort treatment at the first signs of psoriasis can spread to joints, the nails and mucous membranes.
To learn that the disease in the initial stage, see photo signa development of the skin, psoriasis.
Typical signs of psoriatic arthritis
Psoriatic Arthritis refers to severe forms of psoriasis. If the disease affects the joints, which leads to the deformation, and further, the partial/complete disorder. In the initial stages of the disease, is localized in the legs, hands, and then through the segments of the spinal column's main joints. Then, the joints increase in volume, they start to hurt.
On examination, the doctor pays particular attention to the following factors:
- There is a genetic predisposition to psoriasis.
- Swelling of the joints.
- Pain syndrome while walking, tap the item.
- The limitation of mobility.
- Stiffness in the joints (day, morning).
Also, the specialist will prescribe the tests. First you need to make sure that the pain in the joints is caused by psoriasis. This patient, a test for the rheumatoid factor. If the result is negative, then the doctor will diagnose psoriatic arthritis.
The first signs of nail psoriasis
The initial signs of the nail plate psoriasis is the same fungus. Then around the perimeter of the nail, you notice that a depressed point, or longitudinal grooves. They may appear in 1 nail or all at once, but at the beginning of the change recorded at the edge of the nail plate.
In the absence of treatment the disease:
- Moving the root.
- The nail becomes inflamed, thickened, dull.
- Around the nail is formed in the red border of the skin.
This is the risk that the result of the nail plate peels off the skin or will be similar to a bird's claw, because the disease affects not only the skin, but the nerve endings.
The treatment of psoriasis
Cure psoriasis completely it is impossible, as the disease assumes a chronic character. The most that doctors can prescribe the drug to create a strong symptoms of the disease.
Medicine as prescribe medicines local destination. Increase the infiltration of the skin, reduces peeling, eliminates the inflammatory process, involving the itchy feeling.
These medicines include ointments, creams, which includes:
- Salicylic acid.
Also, experts prescribe the local glucocorticoids, creams, which are suitable for the treatment of the scalp.
The aim of the therapy is influenced by many factors:
- The age of the patient.
- The primary manifestation of the disease or the aggravation.
- As the inflammation progresses.
- Where is localized the lesion is.
- The duration of the disease.
- In what form it manifests itself, etc.
Appointment specialist examine the patient, collect medical history, prescribe a biopsy of the affected area.
After receiving the result, use of such treatment methods.
At an advanced stage
During exacerbation, and severe inflammation, fluorinated media:
These drugs are about 70% of cases to eliminate inflammation, rash, within 2 weeks the treatment of psoriasis.
Glucocorticoids negalogenizirovannam type:
The tools are widely demanded in the treatment of pensioners, kids, because the de-composition of the fluorine, the chlorine reduces the likelihood of allergic reactions.
Creams, ointments on the basis of dithranol:
Have anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effect. Often caused by allergies, the form of itching, local swelling. This dose increase in short-term treatment.
In addition to these methods there are other, equally effective, but you need to choose solely the doctor. Not in accordance with the selected therapy can aggravate the patient's condition, because it is a progressive inflammatory process in the background of allergic reactions, so do not experiment with the medicines. In addition, constantly changing, because the body gets used to the meds and the therapy efficiency is gradually reduced.