People suffering from receiving, many things in this world — according to the most optimistic estimates, more than 3% of the entire population of the planet. The psoriasis is a disease which is manifested by the appearance of the rash in the form of pink plaques with silvery scales of color, often accompanied by itching. However, this is only the tip of the iceberg. On the basis of the disease is not fully understood processes.
Psoriasis — a mysterious enemy
In psoriasis the skin cells begin to divide 6-10 times faster than it should be. This leads to chronic inflammation of the skin peel.
Scientists have studied psoriasis for decades, however, a clear answer to the question: why is it the psoriasis? — the modern science is still there. This disease is not contagious but can be hereditary. Exacerbations can switch to the different internal and external factors: stress, skin trauma, certain medications (often antibiotics), alcohol abuse, infectious diseases (Streptococcus caused by, viruses, etc.).
The symptoms of psoriasis are manifold: the surface of the lesion can be dry or wet, can affect different body parts. In some patients, the knee, elbow, others to the palms, sole, is the third largest wrinkles, the skin or mucous membranes, or nail plate. Sometimes psoriasis affects a very large area of the body, and sometimes localized only in limited areas, but never to spread further.
It is no exaggeration to say that the psoriasis is one of the most mysterious diseases. Scientists have found out, what happens to your psoriasis and to ease the condition, but it is still not clear what causes these pathological changes, how they can be prevented.
Interesting facts Winston Churchill struggled all his life for psoriasis, and promised to create a golden monument for the doctor, who solves the mystery of this disease and find effective treatment. Unfortunately, the fee is not established, to the owner.
The exact reasons science doesn't know, but over the years, the study of the problem developed several hypotheses:
- The autoimmune theory. The only problem was the concentration of T-lymphocytes, which leads to a constant inflammation in the affected area of the skin. As if the body starts to perceive himself in the role of the aggressor.
- Hereditary theory which explains, psoriasis is an error in the DNA.
- Endocrine theory, which according to the psoriasis occurs because of irregularities in the operation of the system, the internal secretion, especially the pituitary gland, the thyroid gland.
- The exchange theory. The researchers found that the patients of psoriasis you have problems with accumulation, lipidorum, nitrogen metabolism, and the high level of toxins in the body.
All these theories have a right to exist, but none have so far proved to be completely. Therefore, the modern treatment of psoriasis aims to reduce the severity of symptoms, reducing disease recurrence and the overall health of the body.
By the way The symptoms are similar, like the signs of psoriasis description of the Roman medical treatise. However, in those days, the psoriasis is often mistaken for other skin diseases are of a completely different origin. First psoriasis was recognized as a separate disease only in 1799, and at the end of the 19-th century, doctors have proved to be non-infectious in nature.
Who is sensitive to the disease?
The psoriasis do not know the gender equally often patients, both women and men. Psoriasis often manifests itself in young — top 15-25 years. However, if the psoriasis in the young, this does not mean that the danger has passed — sometimes the first manifestation of psoriasis to appear around the age of 50-60 years. The good news is that people who are faced with psoriasis at a later age, the disease is less pronounced.
If one of the parents suffering from psoriasis, the risk of the disease, the child is approximately 25%, and if both 60%. However, psoriasis can affect the children, the parents, who don't that's the problem, I haven't met.
According to the statistics most often psoriasis affects people with thin, light, dry skin.
The first symptoms of the disease
The psoriasis begins quietly: in the first stage of the development of the disease affects small areas of skin, usually on the bends of the limbs, the scalp, and along the forehead. Sometimes the first manifestations of psoriasis occur at the place where the constant mechanical irritation of the skin, in other words, where clothing presses, rubs. First, the person feels itching, tightness of the skin, then there are the small raised Islands reddened, scaly skin. These grey spots are generated in the dead skin cells, similar to the wax chips, which are easy to tell apart. Sometimes these plaques become wet, the surface is formed, the plate balance rind of yellowish color. When you remove the last exposed weeping, bleeding surface. Gradually plaques grow and merge with each other, all affecting large areas of the skin.
Signs of psoriasis in different types of
There are several types of psoriasis:
Seborrheic psoriasis. Most commonly on the scalp. Indicates the itching, scaling, applied to the area behind the ears, the skin along the forehead.
Exudative psoriasis. This type of psoriasis affected skin is not only flaky, but also wet the surface of the papules (lumps the rash) appear yellowish-brown.
Intertriginoznoy psoriasis. More common in children. This type of psoriasis plaques bright red, mild peeling (that may be completely absent). Sometimes a memory board wet. Parents often confuse this type of psoriasis intertriginös.
Plantar psoriasis. Occurs, the soles of the feet, palms of. Apparent thickening of the skin, dryness, cracks.
Psoriasis is a chronic , manifested in the large plaques, which are not too long, sometimes there are new growths — warts, papilloma.
Rupioidny psoriasis is one form of chronic psoriasis. Plaques appear on the cover, and gradually, the plaque becomes higher, taking into account the form of a cone.
Guttate psoriasis is characterized by abundant rash which multiple small papules.
The nail plate psoriasis (arthritis onychite) causes deformation of the nails, the appearance, the yellow-brown spots under them. Common type of psoriasis, which occurs in patients 25% of this disease.
Psoriasis of the mucous membranes affecting the mouth causing the appearance of the papules on the mucous membranes.
The frequency of the psoriasis symptoms
Psoriasis is cyclic. The advanced-stage plaques appear itching or a small rash, which gradually unite in a single place. After 1-4 weeks the spread of plaques to a stop, they were full of silvery scales. This is the so-called stationary phase. This is followed by the regressive phase, when the platelets gradually disappear. However, don't be fooled — this does not mean that the recovery occurs. If the psoriasis is not treated, then repeat first, but after a while, the stage will change each other, exacerbation almost a month.
Cure psoriasis it is possible and necessary. If time is not measures psoriasis quickly transferred in the chronic phase of getting rid of it would be very difficult. The treatment of psoriasis today used medical methods, physical therapy, and local funds for external use — ointments, creams, the psoriasis, the effectiveness of which is quite high.
However, it should be noted that before you start to use all the means that the psoriasis, consult your doctor. As a minimum, because a layman can't diagnose yourself.
What is important to know eczema treatment?
In the early stages of psoriasis development, a leading role belongs to special external devices, which slows down the process of cell division, reduce inflammation, protect damaged skin infection and ease the itching. Particularly effective tool on the basis of pyrithione zinc, which is also called the active zinc. This material is anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal activity, reduces the secretion of histamine, which significantly reduces the itch, helps to restore the lipid mantle of the skin, restores the barrier function to reduce the sensitivity to aggressive environmental factors. This is the real result of modern pharmacology.