Remission under the influence of unfavorable factors (violation of diet, hypothermia, stress) is replaced by the exacerbations, difficult to manage. Symptoms of the disease can haunt a person for the whole life. Therefore, it is important to know what symptoms are manifested, psoriasis in the initial stages of development, as the timely detection of the problem depends on the efficiency, success of the treatment.
Psoriasis in the initial stages of the disease causes
One of the main causes of psoriasis think genetic predisposition. The probability that the concerned parents of the child, the disease is very high. In addition, there are several factors that trigger the occurrence of psoriasis:
- Dysfunction of the immune system
- Infectious disease
- Endocrine disorders (dysfunction of the thyroid, diabetes)
- A stressful situation
- The predisposition to allergies
- Long-term use of drugs
Typical places of localization of the rash, psoriasis or arm, elbow, torso, part of the head. But sometimes the dermatitis affects the surface of the limbs, groin area, armpits. Considering that the causes of the disease, the experts divided the disease two main types:
- The psoriasis the first type. Occurs, the children, the adolescents, on the background of genetic predisposition. Transportation the psoriasis hereditary can happen in 3-4 generations. More than 60% of patients with psoriasis have relatives suffering from this disease.
- The psoriasis is the second type. It seems people more than 40 years. In this case, the development of the disease it is not expected that the heredity or a malfunctioning immune system. The disease primarily affects the joints and nails.
How does the psoriasis at the initial stage(the symptoms)?
The clinical picture of the initial stage of the disease is characterized by sudden onset, and the appearance of lesions on the surface of the hands, feet, elbows, torso, scalp.In the initial stages of the psoriasis in children is sometimes mistaken for Allergy. Rashes in toddlers appear, the atypical areas or in areas of the body that are exposed to friction, wear and tear. This is the insidiousness of the disease, because the proper, timely diagnosis depends on the further treatment.
The primary element of the rash a pimple (zit) is a reddish-pink color, round shape of the boundaries. They tend to merge to form plaques of different shapes and sizes. Plaques covered with grey plates, which easily from each other. In the area of the rash, the skin is usually inflamed, swollen. The rash may be accompanied by strong itching.
Damage to the papules appear distinctive signs bearing the name psoriaticheskoj triad, and allow you to confidently diagnose the disease.
- The phenomenon stearinovogo spots. If the damage to the plaque, the surface becomes white, the balance sheet, which the education pod, it'll be like a crushed drop of stearin.
- The phenomenon of the thermal film. Further damage to the papules, removal of scale, there is a shiny, red surface.
- The phenomenon of blood dew. If you continue to scrape the plaque, on the surface serve small droplets of blood, indicating bleeding.
In some cases, in the initial stages of the psoriasis may be complicated ehkssudativnymi phenomena. The flakes absorb the exudate (seroznuyu liquid), as the rough bark. If it's the dough that remove be below wet areas of the skin. Such phenomena are a threat the opportunity to join the secondary bacterial infection. The progression of the disease, the plaque can grow to a large size to capture the large area of the patient's body.
The initial phase of psoriasis (acute stage) may last a few weeks. Duration to a large extent depends on the general health condition of the body resistance, treatment tactics.
Localization of the disease of the hands
One of the most serious form of psoriasis artropaticheskaya, which affects the hands, the skin between the fingers, hand, palm.Psoriasis in the initial stages of hand begins, the rash appearance together on the red dry patches. Over time, the lesions grow, seem, the shades of gray. The skin on the palms of his hands and fingers thickened, inflamed, and cracked. The disease strikes deforms the joints of the upper and the lower limbs, causing swelling, pain, difficult movement. As a result, the developing psoriatic arthritis, threatening work ability, and disability.
Psoriasis of the hands gives the patient a lot of psychological and physical problems, it's pretty difficult to manage. In some cases, develops nail psoriasis, in which the sick detachment of the nail plate, up to the total loss. Externally, this form of the disease like a fungal infection.
Psoriasis on the palms of the skin inflamed, thickened, the upper layer becomes rough, and finally covered with painful cracks. The lesions appear as round or oval plaques, bright red color, easy plate, which easily from each other. Such inflammation can be clearly seen on the background of healthy skin into the world of the sick people in significant psychological discomfort, as they cannot be hidden under clothing.
The skin looks irritated, rough, dry. Appears formation, similar to corn, banded rim, can be joined together to form rather large areas of the lesions. If left untreated, inflamed skin may light up, which is painful cracks. These symptoms significantly reduce the quality of life of the patient, and give him many painful minutes.
Psoriasis on the elbow
The most common site of lesions in the elbow. Psoriasis in the initial stages of the elbow is characterized by the appearance of isolated lesions of different diameter, which tend to further growth. Over time, the lesions merge, in which large plaques, capturing a large surface. Plaques covered with silvery scales, which easily from each other.
Psoriasis is characterized by wavelike nature of the flow, which periods of remission followed by periods of exacerbation. The relapse usually happens in the winter time. During the break, inflamed elements of the elbow less noticeable, badly painted, in fact, may completely disappear. The place is still discolored areas of the skin.
Psoriasis of the elbow is often a kind of common (vulgar) psoriasis, is characterized above the skin plaques are red, with rounded shapes and borders. Therefore, the tendency to adhesion of platelets and formation of large red spots covered with grey plates.
In some cases, the elbow psoriasis is observed in the exudative form. It is characterized by the appearance of extensive inflamed areas, scaling and the secretion of wounds. Flakes absorb the exudate, and the surface of the plaque formation, rough bark. The general condition of the patient deteriorates, the accession of secondary infection, the appearance, the chills, the temperature, the itching, burning of the skin.
Psoriasis on the head
Psoriasis of the scalp quite common. The nature of the disease is easily characterized, little pocket, is strong, and the whole scalp and the forehead. In this case, the lesions located on the forehead, neck, ear (see photo).
Psoriasis initial stages of the head accompanied by severe itching, irritation. Brushing patient plaque, while the abundant bush of the balance sheet, dandruff is formed. Permanent damage leads to the appearance of the skin, small abrasions, cracks, which can penetrate the infection.
The progression of the process is displayed plaque large, rough, thickened skin. The scales also increase in size, and in particular in the form of white flakes. There was a further increase of the painful itching, the skin loses its elasticity, easy to damage and scratching.
Further progression of the disease leads to inflamed areas appear in shades of gray, which completely cover all the skin under the hair. The lack of timely treatment leads to the further spread of the process, the defeat of the skin over the forehead.
If the disease is at an early stage plaques, they're a bit pale, as if erased, then the progression of the disease, the rash woman, the plaques increase in size, will be bright, and merge with each other psoriasis on your head the hair does not fall, even in the case of extensive lesions severe disease.