Psoriasis, also known as psoriasis, is a chronic infection characterized by a red, scaly rash on the skin, accompanied by itching and irritation. There can be several causes of psoriasis. When damaged, the division of skin cells occurs thirty times faster than normal, causing discomfort and scaly appearance. This also damages the immune system, which works against its own cells, causing chronic inflammation.
Symptoms and Causes
A common symptom of the disease is changes in the skin folds around the joints and scalp. The spots appear to be scaly gray or white, which can be easily removed. Progressive stage is characterized by the appearance of spots in places subject to mechanical stress - friction and the like. In addition to the skin, damage often affects hair, internal organs, nails, and joints.
The most common ones are:
- Immune system dysfunction.T cells are cells of the immune system that normally protect the body against viruses and bacteria. In people with psoriasis, by mistake, T cells attack healthy cells on the skin. This immune response causes the body to malfunction, including widening blood vessels and increasing white blood cells, stimulating the skin to produce new cells faster than the skin regenerates. The accumulation of new cells on the skin surface leads to the development of thick, itchy plaques.
- Heredity.Research has shown that if one parent has lichen scab, the child has a 15% chance of having it. If both parents are affected, the chance of growth is 75 percent.
- Impaired endocrine system.The endocrine system is a network of hormone-secreting glands that controls many important bodily functions. Failure of one of these glands can cause disease.
- Any infection can cause psoriasis because they stress the immune system, causing an inflammatory response. However, lichen flakes can occur after a respiratory or skin infection. These types of infections can often be prevented with proper personal hygiene. Make sure you wash your hands often enough throughout the day. You should also avoid sharing cups and cutlery with others. It is important to properly disinfect the wound or cut, and to ensure that there are no infections.
- Skin injuries, burns, and abrasions can cause infection in some people. You should always take precautions when taking actions that could lead to injury. Use sunscreen or wear a hat when it's in the sun. Also pay attention when participating in outdoor activities.
- While stress can negatively affect someone, it is especially problematic for people with psoriasis. The body tends to respond to inflammation with stress. Try to reduce stress in your life.
- If you are obese or overweight, this will only make your condition worse. Therefore, it is important to monitor your weight by regularly following a healthy diet. If you are having trouble with the right diet, you should consult a registered dietitian for help. It can help you figure out what foods and how much you should eat during the day.
Scaly lichen affects about 3% of people worldwide. Research shows a significant increase in outbreaks over the past 30 years.
Psoriasis affects both men and women equally. The disease can start at any age, but most commonly occurs between the ages of 15 and 35, and 50-60. Average age is 28.
The illness usually develops or worsens due to a number of factors that should be avoided whenever possible.
Possible reasons for lichen scabs that cause or worsen lichen include:
- Hypothermia can be one of the causes of the development of the disease or the exacerbation of the disease.
- Drinking alcohol is also a provoking factor that induces the generalization of the inflammatory process, shortening the time of remission and increasing the risk of complications.
- Smoking not only increases your risk of getting sick, but it can also increase the severity of your illness. Smoking also plays a role in the early development of lichen scales.
- Have another autoimmune disorder, such as AIDS or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Infections that weaken the immune system, such as pharyngitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis.
- Excessive stress, tension, and anxiety.
- Certain drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), beta blockers, and drugs that contain lithium.
Unfortunately, modern medicine cannot guarantee a complete cure of the disease, but the condition can be alleviated with the help of therapy that, with synthetic methods, will minimizemanifestations of the disease to a minimum. Usually, preparations containing vitamin D, tar and active zinc are prescribed for external use. For oral administration, the drug is created with cytostatics, corticosteroids and immunomodulators designed to regulate cell division in the affected areas, control metabolism, and restoreimmune responses in the body.
It is difficult for people with psoriasis to accept their diagnosis, which is why one feels serious discomfort when communicating with others, social adaptive issues, difficulties in work and in family life. It is important to prevent social withdrawal and depression, which can lead to psychological distortions and suicidal thoughts. It is important to support the patient and, if necessary, refer them to a psychiatrist for advice.
Psoriasis in children
Scaly lichen among children is quite common, especially under one year of age. The disease usually progresses in winter. Girls are more susceptible to illness.
Children's psoriasis is different from adult's. In children, the amount of protein in the blood increases, and the amount of heparin decreases. The disease is of a hereditary and genetic nature. However, this disease, although it has been studied for a long time, is not well known. In addition to genetics, the disease also arises due to poor immune system, flu and various skin diseases. The reason may be a stressful situation.
The main symptoms of the disease are cracks in the legs and palms. There may be subcutaneous hyperkeratosis. Lymph nodes become inflamed and painful.
Treatment includes a variety of ointments and sunbathing. With congenital eczema, most of the skin is affected.
With Leiner's erythroderma disease, anemia, sepsis, pneumonia appear. This form is specific to infants. After a few months, the baby returns to normal.
In children over 8 years old, the disease is less common. Should promptly carry out prevention with folk remedies.
Scalp psoriasisScalp psoriasis is twice as nasty as it can spoil the beauty of the hair and any hairstyle. This type of disease is characterized by an increase in dry head and a significant keratinization in the skin. The scalp is covered with dry, scaly sores, the blisters on itchy like bites. Onset of hair loss and dandruff, which is different from normal sebum production.
To remove scalp flakes, it is important to know the cause of its appearance and to act first. Before starting treatment, it is necessary to undergo an examination and identify the main problem causing external changes. For the treatment and prevention of scaly lichen, it is necessary to adjust the diet, change taste preferences, use ointments and creams, shampoos, baths, herbal baths. Treatment at home is better to take courses and rest for a month. The simultaneous use of ointments is not recommended.
Prevention and treatment of scalp
Use lavender, chamomile, bergamot, and geranium essential oils to massage into hair roots.
It is recommended to mix one teaspoon (melted) butter with half a teaspoon of mustard and five tablespoons St. John's wort. Stir the mixture well and apply it to the scalp with a cotton ball. Apply the mask for a few minutes and rinse off. Then apply lotion. This should be done once a week.
Condensed oil mask
Take 500 grams of mineral oil or grease, mixed with two fresh chicken proteins. Add one and a half teaspoon of chopped and sifted herbs into the mixture and mix again. Follow the procedure in four months.
Folk remedies for hand and leg healing
Lubricate the affected areas with sea buckthorn oil, which should also be taken by mouth every day - one teaspoon at a time.
300 grams of fresh royal sycamore juice. This is best done after passing the herbs through the meat grinder and adding alcohol. Using a cotton swab dipped in the prepared product, gently wipe the blemished areas. Wash off after 15 minutes with clean water.
This procedure is done once a week. Mix half a teaspoon of dried mustard with warm St. Petersburg broth. John's wort (5 tbsp L. ), pour in one teaspoon of melted butter. Use a cotton swab to apply the obtained product onto the damaged skin. After a few minutes, rinse with cold water. Lubricate areas with moisturizer.
Dagtem is carefully spread over inflamed and raised skin areas. After an hour, rinse it off. To achieve results, you need to go through at least fifteen processes.
Mix fresh egg whites with 250 grams of grease (you can get lube) and one tablespoon of ground linden honey and finely ground cineraria. Therapy lasts one to four months.
Eggs are excluded from the diet during this period. Preference should be given to boiled meats, fermented dairy products, vegetables and fruits. Scaly lichen requires long-term treatment, in combination with other drugs. Proceeding then requires the supervision of an experienced specialist. During treatment, diet food will be prescribed, fatty and spicy foods, alcoholic beverages are removed from the food.