In children psoriasis is an unpleasant phenomenon, not only young patients but also their parents. Chronic disease causes anxiety, concern, for adults, the health of the baby. Fortunately, the disease is not related to infectious infections not transmit to the contact with other children through household items. What causes psoriasis in children and can be cured?
The causes of child psoriasis
A child's life is full of emotions, joy, sorrow, physical activity is much more than an adult. The organisation is vulnerable physically and psychologically, so most of the causes of psoriasis. The doctors combined them in a list:
- The first is genetic. If one of the parents of the child patients with psoriasis in 25% cases the child will inherit the disease. The disease in both parents the risk increases to 50-70%.
- Severe Allergy. Children eat many products which are serious allergens (chocolate, seafood, citrus fruit, berries). Entering the body because of the stress to the digestive system and negatively affect the nervous system, the child is ill.
- The stress associated with physical action. It is estimated that around 18% of the children infected with psoriasis, I deserve it, because of the physical stress (hypothermia, severe wear, thermal shock).
- The mental stress. Small body, emotionally unstable, grieving the death of loved ones, scandals in the family, communication problems in the school, situational fears. The task of the parents to reduce such excitement.
- Disorders of the metabolism due to malnutrition, if the parents do not pay attention to the child.
Diagnosis of child psoriasis
Skilled enough to see the first signs of psoriasis in children to diagnose the external examination of the child patient. To rule out other skin diseases, often occurring in childhood, is assigned a bioscopy (scraping) of the skin, blood, urine test.
What forms of psoriasis affect the children? In order to understand that psoriasis in children, you need to know. The doctors divide the disease several main types:
- The spotted form. Has a staph infection. Lesions present as reddish spots the size of 1 cm is displayed, stained, psoriasis in children, the legs, arms, torso. If you have weakened immune systems, sensitivity disease area of the sunspots increase.
- Asymmetric form. Type illness that attacks the joints of the limbs. The external signs of psoriasis in children together with the pain, when a child complains that his fingers hurt. This type may develop psoriatic arthritis, which is much more dangerous to your health.
- Pustular form. The children rarely develops. Characterized by the appearance of small papules, gradually merging in a large patch. In severe cases, the lesions may cover the body.
- Erythrodermic form. Accompanied by inflammation, edema, and regions.
- Vulgar form. Occurs psoriasis in children the head in the form of pink spots. Capable of hitting, smaller or larger gaps. Looks like the same place.
The symptoms of psoriasis in children
Notice the initial symptoms of psoriasis in children is difficult because the disease manifests itself in a small, inconspicuous area. The site does not attract the attention of the child, it doesn't itch, doesn't hurt the kids complain to the parents. Rash on the head, he saw even less, if your daughter or son's thick hair, the quantity of the rash to a minimum.
The easiest to recognize psoriasis in children face as papules point of the face, forehead, ears. The rash may be accompanied by:
- strong redness of the skin;
- chills, fever.
In particular, it is obvious the disease of the skin, which is closely in contact with the clothes. The friction of the cloth on the affected area causing itching, inflammation, damaged skin, which is the progression of the disease. New fast transformirovalsya papules to large plaques, which are linked to each other to form a flat up to 5 inches in diameter. What methods of fighting the disease, modern medicine offers?
Methods for treating children's psoriasis
Modern methods of treatment of psoriasis in children effective to stop the progress of pathology. To completely clean the body the disease does not work. In the case of a young patient in the primary hospital, which allows to determine the stage and type of the disease, and the appropriate tactics of treatment.
The drug therapy children psoriasis use the same medicines as in the treatment of diseases in adults. The little patient can be assigned to:
- Sedatives, sleeping pills, sedatives (Motherwort, Valerian). The drugs reduce the emotional status of the child and prevent the exacerbation of a chronic process. Particularly useful of such funds at school age, when you change the rhythm of life, the children.
- Desensitizing, debilitating allergic reaction, drugs (5% calcium gluconate or 10% calcium chloride). Against the background of Allergy plaques inflamed, which ensures a strong discomfort in the child.
- If itching bothers your child, always take anti-histamine age dosage.
- Sedative reduction, physical activity, to protect the children, the damage in the affected areas.
- Vitamin B injection. The course of treatment — 10-20 injections.
- C-vitamin A.
- Blood transfusion, in combination with weekly introduction of the albumin.
- Pyrogens can help to improve the permeability of blood vessels. The drugs are able to reduce the rate of skin cell division, preventing the formation of new plaques.
- In some cases, if the disease is severe, prescribe glucocorticoid steroids.
These drugs, the patient should be in hospital, or only under strict medical supervision.
The external devices
Important tools in the treatment of psoriasis or ointments, creams, lotions. Use them in the treatment on the affected areas.
When children with psoriasis, of the face or head, used euphyllinic or at a time ointments. The drug is rubbed gently, being careful not to break the surface of the plaques.
The hand or the leg it is useful to the bandage, for more information, sulfur-tar or prednisolone ointments. Ointment apply to the affected area, wrap in cellophane and seal off the bandage, leave the dressing on overnight. Under the influence of drugs in the composition of the plaques are softened, reduce the intensity, and falls off the scales.
Local application, with the addition of sapropel improves the skin's moisture balance, reduces inflammation, itching. If the rash affects the entire body, using sapropel therapeutic bath.
In addition to the pills, ointments, for the treatment of psoriasis in children applied physiotherapy procedures. A soothing bath, UFO reduces the severity of symptoms, it's easier to relieve the patient of discomfort in the form of itching, pain.
The effectiveness of the treatment depends on is to eliminate the causes that trigger the disease. So, the young patients with psoriasis should be carried out sanitation of the oral cavity. The procedure helps identify and eliminate foci of infection (dental caries).
Prevention of child psoriasis
Even knowing the cause of the psoriasis, the disease is difficult to predict, especially, to ascertain when this can occur. Because the child is not able to build their lives so as to reduce the risks of the disease, the parents, to implement a preventive mission.
What is important is that you don't remember?
The parents always remember that psoriasis is an incurable disease, to remain in the child's life. If you ever teach him to eat properly, to dress, to observe hygiene procedures, in the future it will be easier to carry the disease, but does not go into a severe form.
Of course, if some adult patients with psoriasis, prevent its occurrence you have a son or daughter it is almost impossible. If you talk to for other reasons, then they can be removed. Follow the following rules:
- The protection of children the psychological and physical stress. Try to avoid the family scandal in the eyes of the daughter or son. Ensure that the child was not long for the cold, a big load on the body physically was a long day, uncovered head, in order to heat stroke.
- Purchase baby clothes made from natural materials, which do not contain chemical dyes.
- Interested in the diet of children. In the menu, the baby must not be present products strong allergen trait. Eliminate foods that cause an allergic reaction in the child.
- If your child is sick with a cold or other illness, give him the medicine prescribed by the doctor. Not to self-medicate.
- All, even the most innocuous you think the drug may enhance the pathological process that delivers a lot of inconvenience to the treasure.