The psoriasis (psoriasis) in today's world it has become a mass problem of mankind. Because the symptoms of the disease continue to, because of the distrust on the part of healthy individuals imposes a significant imprint on the character, the desire, the communication of patients with psoriasis. An ignorant man can be easily confused with psoriasis is an infectious skin disease, fear of infection. The psoriasis is not infection, but represents dermatosis — an infectious disease of the nature. The manifestation of this dermatosis occurs, the appearance of the rash, scaly plaques in the form of different sizes. Age, gender does not affect the development of psoriasis: the disease can be in humans from birth, and seems all of a sudden. A larger percentage is going to be sick at a young age. Only 4% of the world's population suffers from this disease. Psoriasis in Russia, the percentage ranges from 0.72% to 11.8% (depending on area).
The psoriasis treatment not a dermatologist. If you suspect that the psoriasis always consult a professional will diagnose (could be a skin biopsy) to determine the form of the disease, start treatment.
The psoriasis causes
The psoriasis is caused by breaking the cycle of division, maturation of the skin cells. This is the disease guy atri withering away of the upper layer of the skin occurs faster than the usual. A number of opinions of health professionals for the reason that the development of psoriasis, this case is still ongoing. Some distinguish between the two types of this disease: the first is associated with impaired immune system processes, which can be inherited and is more common at a young age, the second type is not related to heredity, and does not affect the skin, like the first, the nails, joints, is very common in people of Mature age.
Other researchers tend to believe that the basis for the development of psoriasis or immune system disorders, caused by other diseases, stress, inadequate environment also diet.
With confidence we can say that the psoriasis — an infectious disease of the nature. Today it is considered an autoimmune disease hereditary mnogofaktorialnym.
The symptoms of psoriasis
The symptoms of psoriasis clearly noticeable: the skin inflammation in the form of itching, scaly, red spots (papules). Papules (dry area rises above the general level of the skin) can meet and form a plaque. The Papularum excessive angiogenesis — the formation of excess capillaries. The psoriasis is characterized by skin rapid cell division, that do not allow them the time to Mature, break inter-cellular interaction. The immune system is the answer to all these processes produce protective cells of the body, which ultimately works against its own cells. The conclusion to the creation of the chronic inflammation, the formation of arthritis in balance. When peeling the skin papules can be detected more dense skin Foundation, stearin spot blood Rosa, which also suggests that the signs of psoriasis. Place of distribution of such spots usually on the hairy areas of the scalp, place, skin, wrinkles, extensor muscles (knees, elbows, armpits, lower part of the back, under the Breasts, the genitals), nails, joints.
Psoriasis be classified into three groups according to the seasonal exacerbations: winter (the most common), summer is uncertain.
Arthritis spots can have different shapes, sizes (in the period of exacerbations can be achieved with a square, similar to the palm, maybe more). The largest patients bring itching accompanied by a rash. In those cases, the psoriasis progressive can observe the phenomenon, Keb, expressed as the plaques with the formation of the areas of the skin trauma. In the area of the plaques may develop a purulent, cracks. In those cases where the psoriasis affects the nail plate, it is possible to observe the deepening, spots on the nails, the plates become thicker, start to collapse. In the winter the symptoms of psoriasis subside for the summer. In the summer, psoriasis, on the contrary, under the influence of sunlight intensifies. Progress psoriasis begins gradually, usually under the influence of triggering injuries, violations of the diet after infectious diseases, stress, drug allergies, pregnancy, or other sudden changes in the normal life of the organism.
Stages of psoriasis
The development of psoriasis in three stages:
- progressive (characterized by the appearance of new lands should, to a large number of small papules);
- stationary (characterized by the lack of appearance of new lesions, and the formation of the already affected areas of the silver white scales);
- retrogressive (characterized by the gradual absorption of the plaques, normalization of skin color, and reduces the desquamation).
How infectious the psoriasis?
In our article we have discussed the non-contagious nature of psoriasis. This means that psoriasis is not contagious, don't be afraid of the contact and the people communicating, which is. Psoriasis is not transfer as a kiss, or sexual contact or blood contamination. There is also no contact-household transmission of the disease, so that you can safely care for the patients with psoriasis, and using common objects. Even when touched directly to the infected areas of the skin infection occurs. This suggests that a person's psoriasis is not dangerous for healthy people, this disease should not have any effect on the attitude of the society.
Transfer affected by psoriasis hereditary — this disease, which the parents of the children. The presence of psoriasis is one of the parents is the percentage likelihood of psoriasis the baby up to 30% of disease in the case of both parents — 75%. It follows that the disease does not occur, the child even if both parents suffer from receiving. But don't forget that the psoriasis is not fully understood, the disease to date. Anyway, birth of children, sick parents, sick of psoriasis more often than the birth of a healthy parent. In addition to the hereditary factor, because the development of psoriasis can look for the metabolic processes, enzyme, lipid, amino acid metabolism, as well as the presence of viruses, infections.
Where is the psoriasis?
Favorite places for psoriasis considered to be in the region of the flexor, extensor muscles, joints, the nails, the hair, the face, hands, feet, face. Let's examine in more detail where it's obvious psoriasis.
The nail psoriasis. This disease is well-researched, but diagnosing it can be difficult, especially in the presence of fungal diseases. Nail psoriasis may be an independent disease, and consequence of the psoriasis vulgaris. The main symptoms of nail psoriasis is considered a change in the color plates (the appearance, the gray, or yellow shades), transverse striations, thickening of the skin around the nails. Special features of the nail, psoriasis is the symptom of a thimble (the formation of pits in the nail plate), bruising under the nail, trahionihiya (deformation, flattening of the nail, the appearance of roughness, weakening the disc). Treatment of nail psoriasis requires constant nail care, excludes nail injury, nail. In order to get a good result, and absence of remission should include nail care, your daily routine.
Psoriasis flexor, extensor muscles. The psoriasis the skin of the flexor, extensor muscles are characterized by the appearance of redness on the skin's natural folds (elbow, knee folds, axilla, groin, genital and Breast). Characteristic of this type of psoriasis is not peeling, but there is pain in the area of the rash. Causes of this pathology serves as a strong sweating, especially when combined with fungal infections. Very often psoriasis, the hands and feet common in the spring and autumn period.
Psoriasis of the scalp. Psoriasis on the head of a separate disease, but can be combined with other psoriasis. The first symptom that this condition is severe itching in the occipital region. The itching followed by a rash and is common in some lesions. Rashes not only appear on the scalp, but also the nearby areas of the skin. The skin, behind the ears, if wet, can be covered with cracks. The psoriasis, the hair, the scalp can be successfully treated, but it takes time.
The psoriasis on the face. On the face, psoriasis is not common. This is typical signs of the psoriasis the skin. After papules the face may remain scars. Psoriasis address the person as a result of hereditary predisposition, long-term depression, lower immunity and injuries.
With Psoriasis vulgaris. This is the most common form of psoriasis. The symptoms of psoriasis vulgaris qualify as small lesions covered with silvery scales, usually symmetrically located close to the abrasions or cuts.
Guttate psoriasis the skin. As the name implies, it forms the characteristic rash in the form of rain. Rash characteristics high place above the level of the skin, the fragmentation. In most cases, guttate psoriasis can be observed in girls after a staph infection.
Pustular (exudative) psoriasis. Rash this form of psoriasis is similar to the blisters is the small size of the serous non-infected liquid inside. The blisters itch, but scratching them with a high risk of infection. Pustular psoriasis is difficult to cure, so it's not worth running.
Psoriatic Arthritis. This form is not just affecting the small joints, but the spine. The symptoms met, joint swelling, inflammation, and limitation of joint mobility, joint deformity, which can lead to disability.
The treatment of psoriasis
The forums and life, people often ask me how to treat psoriasis and get rid of it forever within a range of prices for the treatment of psoriasis, where the treatment? In moscow, for the treatment of psoriasis given special attention: the Institute of health centers, which specializes in this problem. Funds for psoriasis can I buy pharmacies, hospitals, or order online drugstore, but first you need to be a doctor (medicine against psoriasis, treatment method is not chosen independently, but only a dermatologist). Let's learn more about how to manage psoriasis cure.
We have developed a new therapy, or drugs against psoriasis, so in the near future this disease can be completely cured. At the moment, to the treatment of psoriasis aims to the elimination of the inflammatory process in the normalization differentsovki the epithelial cells. The treatment of the disease built by a dermatologist based on the extensiveness of the lesions on the skin of the stage of the disease, age, gender, the tolerance, the drugs, the presence of current diseases. The treatment of psoriasis using the resources of the local or systemic therapy. The topical treatment can be applied ointments, creams, lotions. In the period of progressive disease, or additional information, prescribe hormonal ointments. The composition of the systemic therapy the use of aromatic retinoids, cyclosporine, Methotrexate, Nsaids. Successfully used in the treatment of psoriasis methods such as photochemotherapy (PUVA), a selective light therapy, climatotherapy. Early disease treatment is primarily preventive. Methods of cryotherapy, Plasmapheresis, and ultraviolet light are used by doctors, the more severe forms of psoriasis.
Diet psoriasis significant importance to the efficiency of the entire treatment. The body of the patient must come food, normalizes acid levels, which weakens the immune system. To learn more, what kind of food you can consume psoriasis, or we don't. A teaspoon of honey, one day, and then enriches the body of vital vitamins. The fruit and vegetable help to cleanse the body, fish oil is an excellent source of b-vitamins is an Excellent choice for Breakfast, or dinner, pumpkin oatmeal, rich in minerals, vitamins. The olive oil is the only oil recommended for the patients with psoriasis. Mandatory food psoriasis the oily fish, which it strengthens, revitalizes the skin, eliminates irritation.
Folk remedies for psoriasis
The treatment of psoriasis has become the most popular means, but it's used only with permission of a doctor. Traditional medicine offers for the treatment of psoriasis different recipes for homemade ointments, infusions, simple, healthy recipes. In particular, an effective folk medicine in the initial stages of psoriasis.
Juice of celandine is one of the most common folk remedy for psoriasis. Therapy juice of the celandine, the early summer flowering plants. Use, damaged skin, use the fresh juice celandine. To obtain effective results, this procedure should be continued daily for three summers. The root of the celandine, you can prepare the infusion: 4 tablespoons of celandine, 0.5 liters of alcohol. Infuse the mixture for several hours, after which you can rubbed.
Ointment 2 eggs, beaten vegetable oil, vinegar help with the disease early stages. In periods of exacerbations of psoriasis help bath the shell nuts. A bath will need half a kilo of walnuts. The shell, pour boiling water, strain and add to bath.
Psoriasis apply an infusion of agrimony, ointment, root, meadowsweet herb, soup, strawberries, blueberries, and fish scales. You should pay attention to the monastic tea of psoriasis. This will help the psoriasis treatment at home. Clinical studies have indeed confirmed the medicinal properties of this drink. The tea, or herbs. Monastic tea of psoriasis you can prepare at home: 1 teaspoon pour a glass of boiling water and insist 10 minutes. Even eat before meals 3 weeks.