The psoriasis is a severe pathology, although not life-threatening. The psoriasis is called the chronic disease that affects the skin of the nail. This causes the redness, itching, and the appearance of scaly plaques that manifests itself at any age, it is difficult to treat. Why appear psoriasis, what complications threatened, the most important is how you handle?
What do we know about psoriasis and the treatment
Psoriasis is also one of the most studied, one of the most mysterious diseases. Experts decades to figure out its causes, but so far the science may not be a clear answer to the question of why people suffer from psoriasis.
The psoriasis is not an infectious disease like because it's not fungus, or bacteria, or reaction of your own immune system. In psoriasis the skin cells begin to split at high speeds — if the normal life cycle of cells approximately 30 days psoriasis only 3-5.
The main symptoms of psoriasis: redness, flaking, the appearance of the inflamed areas, called plaques that itch. In some cases, an abscess or a small rash. Sometimes psoriasis is almost never manifested himself, sometimes escalating, almost always without a reason. Most often, psoriasis appears in the bends of the hands, feet, along the forehead, where clothes fit too tight or rubbing; although inflammation can occur in other places.
Psoriasis is a quite common disease, it affects 3% of the total population in the world.
There are several types of psoriasis. The most common is vulgaris, or plaque, diagnosed in 80% of patients with psoriasis. Teardrop (little rash), nodular (firm pustules rash), Palmar-plantar, exudative (oozing rash) is much less common.
Most of the patients perceived the first signs of psoriasis at age 15-25 years. Often the impetus for the emergence of (and subsequently, the aggravation), the emotional confusion. Scientists have linked this phenomenon to the release of the stress hormones — adrenaline, cortisol.
Psoriasis is considered a chronic disease that cannot be cured. However, modern medicine knows how to keep his manifestation to a minimum and that the frequency of relapse.
Unfortunately, psoriasis is inherited. In those families where one parent suffers from psoriasis, the probability that the child with the same disease is 25%. If both parents know that this disease first-hand, the risk of developing psoriasis in children with an increase of 60%.
How to treat psoriasis: current approaches to therapy
The treatment of psoriasis depends on the severity of the disease. In mild cases (if the affected less than 3% of the area of the body) to prescribe the medicines for external use — ointments, creams. Also we recommend that you review your lifestyle, especially your diet. In more complicated cases prescribed physical therapy. The medication is taken orally, including those which have a certain toxicity, or hormone treatment as a last resort used only when other methods in the treatment of psoriasis doesn't help.
Effective methods, techniques in the conservative treatment of psoriasis
There are several ways to fight psoriasis, in order that the treatment be successful, it is better to a holistic approach.
To fight psoriasis "internal" is often prescribe a derivative of vitamin A (retinoids), as well as drugs that reduce the activity of the immune system. The topical treatment of psoriasis using medical ointments, creams to relieve inflammation and itching, promotes the exfoliation of dead skin cells, and protects the damaged skin from fungus, bacteria. This is important because of the disease psoriasis is often complicated by the accession of secondary infection, which reduces the effectiveness of the entire treatment slows down the process of skin regeneration.
In the most severe cases, often recurrent course of psoriasis, the prescribed local hormone therapy (ointments, creams), the so-called TRUCKS (topical corticosteroids). They have to be careful — trucks of a number of side effects, contraindications. If you apply them on their own initiative, and not according to the strict system, as well as the advice of a doctor, can exacerbate the disease. TRUCKS are usually not recommended for longer than 5 days applied to large areas of skin, the sensitive areas (face, neck, skin, wrinkles), as these funds have a systemic effect on the body, can cause withdrawal symptoms, and can lead to skin thinning loss of the protective properties, therefore the risk of repeated relapse.
The doctors often complain that the disease can be managed to a faster, easier, if the patient not to self-medicate, such strong medicine because cure psoriasis after uncontrolled use of hormonal methods is much harder.
The science has long made a big step forward in the search for effective but safe remedies for the treatment of the skin, psoriasis, and other diseases. These include, for example, drugs based on this active substance as an active zinc (zinc pyrithione). Zinc is a organic and natural cure, skin—, because the concentration of the healthy human skin is approximately 20% of the total content, the organization, as well as the deficit, the precious metal is accompanied by various skin lesions, impaired wound healing.
Drugs active zinc, in contrast to the basics in the zinc oxide, a whole series of special properties (anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal), to relieve itching, to support the ceramides (lipids), which leads to the restoration of the barrier function. Unlike the ointments of zinc oxide cream zinc pyrithione does not dry the skin. In addition, activation of the so-called apoptosis (natural programmed death) pathologically altered skin cells, cells of inflammation, thereby inhibiting the excessive proliferation of the epithelium, reduces inflammation in the formation of psoriatic plaques.
Studies have shown that the active zinc is there a similar TRUCKS efficacy and good safety profile, whereas it is practically not absorbed into the skin, not disturbing, harmful effects.
What the drug is or was assigned to you, remember to write a prescription, the doctor always takes into account the ratio of the potential benefits, but it's a dangerous drug-use — on the basis of age, gender, characteristics, medical history, etc. So you don't heal: cure, maybe even hurt more. In the case of psoriasis this applies mainly to the hormonal methods. The thoughtless application of ointments, creams TRUCKS can lead to a "vicious circle" — the longer you use them, the more will be the money.
Don't risk it, the first manifestation of psoriasis symptoms should begin treatment with the safest, non-hormonal products, consult a doctor. And the chronic, recurring, of course, the non-hormonal drugs therapeutic properties immediately after removal of the exacerbation (after applying TRUCKS), prolong remission, helping the skin to fully recover.
Physiotherapy methods in the treatment of psoriasis will also help to eliminate the symptoms of the disease. As you know, pathology half the day so that the psoriasis treatment is widely applied to light therapy — ultraviolet radiation. The treatment of psoriasis may include laser therapy, ultrasound, magneto therapy.
The patients of psoriasis is very important to follow the correct diet. Excludes all foods that can cause allergies as well as food, it's hard to stomach, liver. The diet should include higher doses of vitamins (especially vitamin A) , fiber. We have to give up alcohol, smoked meats, animal fats and TRANS-fats, eggs, coffee, carbonated water, muffins.
As already mentioned, when the stress, emotional upheavals, psoriasis can worsen. However, for many people, especially young women, psoriasis is the source of worry, low self-esteem. The aim of the treatment of psoriasis, to teach people how to manage their emotions and avoid nervous tension. In addition, group therapy can be the necessary psychological support, self-esteem.
The plasmapheresis the doctor takes the patient portion of the blood, separating the plasma, the blood cells back to them with the help of injections back. With plasma toxins, autoantibodies.
By the way
The psoriasis is not a reason to low self-esteem. A lot of famous people go through life struggling with this disease, this does not prevent them to their idols more than a style icon. Psoriasis affects the model Cara Delevingne, Kim Kardashian, actress Cameron Diaz, singer, Britney Spears.
There are alternative, folk, exotic methods of treatment of psoriasis. The first instance of the application, the oil, the milk thistle, to the affected areas, decoction of marshmallow, Valerian, sage, chamomile. Exotic can be attributed to the treatment of tropical fish species garra fish rufa — pyrithione skin psoriasis plaques without damaging healthy skin. This is the original service offered in Thailand, but in recent years this procedure has appeared in a few Russian bath.
Folk methods are considered safe, however it is not quite so allergic to grass can worsen the condition of the skin and the printing on the plaque ointments dubious origin perform exotic treatments unhealthy conditions can lead to inflammation, and the accession of secondary infection.
How to increase the effectiveness of the therapy
Correctly picked up therapy positive impact. To speed up the healing process allows the compliance with certain rules:
- Try not to worry. Skin — indicator of the health of the nervous system. Today, there are many ways to cope with stress without medication: visit master-classes in drawing, sculpture, decoupage, sports and Spa treatments.
- It's time to treat the infectious diseases prevention of hypothermia, is usually to look at the health — "undercover" in the body of infection, provoking repeated relapse.
- Do not neglect the Spa treatment. Mineral water, mud, a lot of resorts will help you improve the condition of psoriasis. Such resorts around the world a lot of the psoriasis treatment is over the Dead sea in Israel, in Slovenia (Portoroz), Italy (abano Terme), in Bulgaria (Kyustendil).
- Do not use while bathing rough sponges, brushes, and the solid Soap should be used, a soft sponge, shower gel, neutral pH. After bath or shower apply a cream, helping to keep the skin moisture as children.
- Refrain from the synthetic, and then choose comfortable, loose clothes made of natural, soft materials such as cotton, silk, other.
It is often said that psoriasis is not a disease, but a lifestyle consequence. Truth this statement is. If you are diagnosed "psoriasis", you really should reconsider your habits, strictly abide by the rules. Compliance with the recommendations, and timely initiation of treatment allows to achieve stable and durable remission — many people suffering from psoriasis, in fact, do not suffer, as the disease does not manifest itself. But psoriasis can not tolerate the joke— if not treated or were treated independently, without participation of the doctor, the aggravation will soon be almost a month, and to get back the beautiful skin your good health will be very difficult.